Study genetics in Turkey
StudyFans Date : 18 Apr 24

Genetics is a multidisciplinary, comprehensive, and constantly developed field in Turkey. It is concerned with understanding how to specify the molecules that make up the cells of organisms.

Genetics and molecular biology investigate the physiological, developmental, and pathological interactions and states of the molecules' basic characteristics, functions, and structures.

History of Genetics in Turkey

The first genetics department in Turkey was established in 1977, and since then, the number of genetics departments has increased and expanded to include many areas of biology.

All faculty members in the genetics colleges in Turkey seek research and development. They pay considerable attention to students to evolve them in both classes and research activities. This, in turn, allows the students to gain a solid basis in biology through classes, laboratory courses, and practical experience through participating in research projects.

Genetic Engineering in Turkey

There is no dedicated department for genetic engineering in Turkey; however, the department of molecular biology and genetics is available in many universities.

The department of molecular biology and genetics, affiliated with colleges of science and the college of engineering and natural sciences, offers both undergraduate and postgraduate programs.

This department is available in 90 Turkish universities, including public and founding universities, and four universities in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

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Difference between Genetics and Genetic Engineering

The difference between the study of genetics and genetic engineering is highlighted in the following:


Scientists and scholars in this branch research the genetic characteristics of organisms and study their changing and ability to gain new functions.

Genetic Engineering 

It is the study of altering the genetic characteristics of organisms and the possibility of providing them with new functions, such as genetic transmission studies between organisms.

In genetic engineering, laboratory-based technologies such as recombination DNA, PCR, RNA, cell transplantation, and unilateral antibody techniques are used.

Study of Genetic Engineering and Genetics in Turkey

Study of Genetics in Turkey

Genetics is a beautiful specialization to study in Turkey, allowing students to explore organisms' structure and functions. Moreover, the students will learn how the biological characteristics are transferred from one generation to another through the provided theoretical foundations of natural development and selection and study the role of genetic formation and cell mutations in disease development.

The genetics department in Turkey aims to prepare students for a promising future in scientific research, resulting in many graduates seeking to continue their higher studies in Turkey and abroad.

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Duration of Genetic Study in Turkey

The department of molecular biology and genetics can be found in various colleges such as (the College of Arts, Basic Sciences, Engineering, and Natural Sciences). The undergraduate program in genetics is four years with eight semesters.

Courses of Genetics Program in Turkey

The courses of the genetic program vary in Turkey to include:

  • Immunology.
  • General Chemistry
  • Stem Cell Biology.
  • Biology.
  • Genome and Genetics Ethics.
  • Molecular Cell Biology.
  • Microscopic Biology.
  • Cellular and Molecular Physiology.
  • Genome.
  • Molecular Genetics.
  • Bioinformatics and Database Management Systems.

Documents and Admission requirements to Study Genetics in Turkey

The following documents are required to apply for admission to genetics in Turkey:

  • General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) or an equivalent recognized foreign certificate.
  • The applicant should appear for the entrance exam.
  • A copy of the passport.
  • The applicant should clear the Basic Proficiency Test (TYT).
  • The applicant should clear the Field Qualification Tests (AYT).
  • The applicant should clear the YÖS exam.

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Most Famous Universities to Study Genetics in Turkey

Genetics departments are available in many Turkish universities, including:

Most Famous Universities to Study Genetics in Turkey

Expenses of Genetics Study in Turkey 

The cost of the undergraduate program in genetics varies from one university to another and from one college to another for two main reasons:

  • The department of Genetics is available in various colleges such as (the College of Arts, Basic Sciences, Engineering, and Natural Sciences).
  • The medium of instruction also varies from one university to another, for example:
  • Yeditepe University (Faculty of Engineering, English medium of instruction): $8,977.50. 
  • Okan University (Faculty of Engineering, English medium of instruction): $4,500.
  • Istanbul Bilgi University (Faculty of Engineering, English medium of instruction): $6,950.
  • Istanbul Yeni Yüzyıl University (Faculty of Arts, Turkish medium of instruction): $2000.
  • Istanbul Kültür University (Faculty of Science, Turkish medium of instruction): $2,125. 

Job Opportunities for Genetics Graduates in Turkey 

Many job opportunities are available for genetics graduates, including the work in:

  • In all children's centers.
  • Academic career in universities.
  • Laboratories of training and research hospitals.
  • In institutions and organizations of pharmaceutical and food industries that conduct studies based on biotechnology.
  • In IVF treatments.
  • Pharmaceutical research and development.
  • Stem cell treatments.
  • Genetic roots research.
  • As lecturers or assistants in universities.
  • Development of medical devices.
  • Work in forensic laboratories.

The graduates also have the opportunity to work in public institutions and various other fields.

Average Salaries of Genetics Graduates in Turkey 

The average salary for molecular biology and genetics graduates in Turkey ranges 7,741₺ .

  •  Salary of a molecular biologist with one year of experience is 4500 TL.
  • Salary of a biologist with two-year experience is 5500 TL.
  • Salary of graduates with three-year experience in biology is 7000 TL.
  • Salary of graduates with four-year experience in molecular biology is 8500 TL.

The salary of molecular biologists varies according to various factors such as industry experience, area of ​​specialization, and the structure of the organization in which they work.

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