Electrical and Electronic Engineering Study Guide in Turkey
Electrical and electronic engineering is one of the most crucial engineering specializations in the current era, as all the daily-used electrical devices are related to this field. Without referring to this specialization, we cannot operate electrical appliances such as television, computer, etc. Turkey is one of the leading countries in engineering studies as it has witnessed significant scientific development in recent years. This article will discuss all the details about studying electrical and electronic engineering in Turkey.
- It is concerned with the study of electrical energy, starting from the stages of obtaining, generating, and delivering this energy to how to stabilize the current after delivery.
- It also deals with the design of electrical circuits and their components such as transistors, resistors, and capacitors to operate all modern electrical devices.
- Therefore, one can say that electrical and electronic engineering is one of the most critical emerging engineering specializations. This specialization requires the knowledge of electrical, electronic, and electromagnetic properties of materials for use in various applications and modern technologies such as the Internet, robots, computers, and many others.
Turkey is currently one of the leading countries in the engineering studies field, specifically electrical and electronic engineering. This advancement can be attributed to the following reasons:
- Following the European study system by combining electrical engineering with electronics engineering in one specialization.
- Availability of many engineering laboratories in most Turkish universities. These laboratories are equipped with the best modern technologies.
- The Turkish universities have a large group of highly qualified academic experts in electrical and electronic engineering.
- Availability of many technical universities which have increased dramatically in recent years. These universities are concerned with practical training and working to prepare students for the labor market.
- Many Turkish universities are concerned with conducting scientific activities and workshops, helping exchange knowledge and experience among the students.
- The possibility of studying electrical and electronic engineering in English at most Turkish universities.
The duration of studying a bachelor's program in electrical and electronic engineering in Turkish universities is four years with eight semesters. An additional language preparatory year will be added to the total duration of the study for those who did not obtain a language proficiency certificate.
- In the first and second years, the students will study sports, physics, and chemistry courses. The core courses and practical study start in the last two years.
- The job title of the graduates is "Electrical Engineer."
The duties of an electrical and electronic engineer are limited to the following:
- Making feasibility studies for various projects and identifying devices and electrical plans.
- Working on maintaining, repairing, and developing all electrical devices in various industrial and medical institutions and ensuring their compliance with occupational safety and health standards.
- Follow up the work and maintenance of electric generators and engines.
- Determine the requirements, capacity, and cost of electrical systems.
- Participate in producing and generating energy through traditional methods such as coal and gas or modern ones such as sunlight and wind.
- Providing engineering consultancy and marketing electrical products to companies and various bodies.
Many job opportunities can be found related to the electrical and electronic engineering field. These jobs may include:
- Working in factories to manufacture equipment and electrical appliances.
- Working in medical supplies companies on the design of electrical medical devices.
- Working in programming and computer companies on the design of control devices.
- Working in telecom and signal processing companies.
- Working in power plants and electric generators.
- Work as an academic lecturer for institutes and universities.
- The salaries vary according to different employers, seniority, and experience. However, the wages of fresh graduates usually start from 20.000-30.000₺ per month.
Finally, electrical and electronic engineering specialization is the spirit of the twenty-first century as all modern technological devices are based on this specialization. Therefore, this specialization has a promising and bright future. Moreover, Turkey is one of the best destinations for students to pursue electrical and electronic engineering due to the high educational quality of Turkish universities and enormous scientific potential, which will prepare them efficiently for the labor market.
Most Turkish universities offer electrical and electronic engineering studies, including bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs as follows:
1- Bachelor's degree
- The duration of the bachelor's program is four years with eight semesters. The most important universities that offer this program are listed with their annual tuition fees as follows:
2- Master's degree
- The duration of the master's program is two academic years with four semesters.
- In the first two semesters, the student will attend several training courses in many fields, such as engineering mathematics, applied statistics, networks, computer and communications.
- In the last two semesters, the student begins to prepare his graduation thesis. The following is a list of the most important universities offering the master's program:
3- Ph.D. degree
- The Ph.D. program in Electrical and Electronic Engineering consists of 8 semesters.
- In the first four semesters, the students deal with many basic sciences such as data analysis, computing, and applied statistics. After that, they begin to prepare a doctoral thesis. A doctorate is available in the following universities:
The admission requirements differ between public and private universities as follows:
First: Turkish Public Universities
- The required average for the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) varies between universities. However, public universities usually require a high average of GCSE.
- Most public universities require passing the Turkish (YÖS) or the American (SAT) aptitude test.
- It is also necessary to submit an English Language proficiency certificate (TOEFL) for studying in English or a Turkish Language proficiency certificate (TÖMER) for the Turkish medium of instruction.
Second: Turkish Private Universities
- These universities require a minimum average of 50% of GCSE. Moreover, most private universities do not require additional admission documents.
- The student may attend a language preparatory year to study English or Turkish based on the chosen language.
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