Preparatory year in Turkish universities

Studying in Türkiye starts with the preparatory year in Turkish universities which is the most important step which makes all the following steps easy and smooth. 

So let's take a closer look at the preparatory year in Turkish universities and learn more about the benefits of the preparatory year, the documents required to register for the Preparatory year in Türkiye and How much does the Preparatory year cost in Türkiye?

What is the preparatory year? 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities is a language and academic skills program designed for international students who do not meet the language proficiency requirements for direct entry into undergraduate or graduate programs taught in Turkish.

The preparatory year in Turkish universities helps students improve their Turkish language skills, as well as their academic writing, reading, listening, and speaking abilities.

The program typically lasts one academic year (two semesters) and is aimed at preparing students for success in their chosen degree programs by helping them achieve the required level of proficiency in Turkish.

Successful completion of the preparatory year in Turkish universities typically requires passing proficiency exams or meeting specific language requirements set by the university.

It's important to note that not all universities in Turkey require a preparatory year for international students, and some institutions offer programs taught in English or other languages such as Germany and France. Students should check the language requirements of their chosen university and program to determine if a preparatory year is necessary.

How is the preparatory year studied in Turkish universities? 

In Turkish universities, Students attend classes in a structured academic environment including various subjects, with a focus on Turkish language proficiency, academic writing, reading comprehension, listening skills, and speaking practice. 

The preparatory year curriculum may include language courses, cultural studies, and other relevant subjects to help students adapt to the Turkish education system.

Throughout the preparatory year in Turkish universities, students are assessed through exams, quizzes, assignments, and other forms of assessment to track their progress and determine their readiness for further academic studies. 

Why are tests considered one of the most important requirements for admission to Turkish universities?

Tests are considered one of the most important requirements for admission to Turkish universities for several reasons:

  • Tests provide a standardized way to evaluate students' academic abilities and knowledge such as the university entrance exam (YKS) or international exams like the SAT or ACT which assess students' readiness for higher education fairly and consistently.
  •  Tests help universities identify the most qualified candidates based on their performance, which is especially important when there are more applicants than available seats.
  • By using test scores as a primary criterion, universities can ensure that students are selected based on their academic potential and performance, not personal connections or financial status
  • By using tests as part of the admission process, universities can select students who are likely to thrive academically and contribute positively to the institution to maintain high academic standards and ensure that admitted students have the necessary skills and knowledge to succeed in their chosen programs
  • Alignment with Curriculum as Tests often cover material that is taught in high schools and preparatory programs, providing a way to assess students' understanding of key concepts and subjects. 

What is the SAT test?  

The SAT, short for Scholastic Assessment Test, is a standardized test usually used for university admissions in the United States. It is designed to assess a student's readiness for college and measure their academic skills in critical reading, writing, and mathematics. 

The SAT is administered by the College Board, a nonprofit organization, and is typically taken by high school students in their junior or senior year.

Here are some key aspects of the SAT test:

1. Sections

The SAT consists of three main sections: 

  • Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (which includes Reading and Writing & Language)
  • Math
  • An optional Essay section.

2. Format

The SAT is a multiple-choice test with some grid-in questions in the Math section. The Essay section requires students to analyze a provided passage and write an essay in response. The test is administered in paper-and-pencil format, although an online version is also available in some locations.

3. Scoring

The SAT uses a scaled scoring system, with scores ranging from 400 to 1600. Each section is scored separately as follows:

  • The score of the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section is (200-800)
  • The Math section score is (200-800). 
  • The optional essay score is (2-8).

What does the SAT test consist of? 

The SAT test consists of three main sections:

1. Evidence-Based Reading and Writing:

Reading: 

This section tests students' ability to understand and analyze written passages from a variety of sources, including literature, social studies, and science. Students answer multiple-choice questions based on the content and structure of the passages.

Writing & Language:

In this section, students are tested on their knowledge of grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and rhetorical skills. They must identify errors in writing passages and revise them to improve clarity and effectiveness.

2. Math:

The Math section assesses students' mathematical skills in 

  • Algebra
  • Problem-solving
  • Data analysis
  • Advanced math topics. 

It includes both multiple-choice questions and grid-in questions, where students must provide their own numerical answers without answer choices.

3. Essay (Optional):

   - The Essay section is an optional component of the SAT test. It requires students to read a passage and analyze the author's argument, evaluating the reasoning and evidence presented. 

What is the SAT test

When is the SAT test taken? 

The SAT test is typically administered several times throughout the year, allowing students to choose a test date that aligns with their academic schedule and college application timeline.

The College Board, which administers the SAT, offers regular test dates in March, May, April, June, August, October, November, and December.

If you take the SAT test for the first time, it's recommended to take it in the spring of your junior year which allows enough time to retake the test in the summer if you are not satisfied with your score as you can receive your scores approximately two to three weeks after the test date

Students need to register early to secure a spot and avoid late registration fees as Registration deadlines for each SAT test date are usually several weeks before the actual test date.

How much does the SAT test cost? 

The cost of taking the SAT test can vary depending on where you are taking the test and whether you opt for any additional services. The current registration fee for the SAT is $60. 

Some services may cost you additional fees such as :

Test center fee

$24

late registration

$30

changing your test center

$25

Cancel registration fee

$25

Late cancel fee

$35

It's important to check the College Board's official website for the most up-to-date information on SAT registration fees and any additional costs that may apply based on your specific circumstances.

Keep in mind that fee waivers are available for eligible students who demonstrate financial need. These waivers can cover the cost of the SAT test as well as other services such as sending score reports to colleges. 

What is the Yös test? 

The YÖS test, short for "Yabancı Uyruklu Öğrenciler Sınavı" in Turkish, is an entrance exam specifically designed for international students who wish to study at Turkish universities. The YÖS test assesses the academic readiness and language proficiency of international applicants seeking admission to undergraduate programs in Turkish universities.

The main purpose of the YÖS test is to evaluate the knowledge and skills of international students in subjects such as 

  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social sciences
  • language proficiency (Turkish or English). 

The test helps universities determine the eligibility of international applicants for admission to their undergraduate programs.

What does the Yös test consist of? 

The YÖS test typically consists of 80-100 multiple-choice questions in various subject areas, depending on the program of study. 

It consists of three main parts:

  • Math 30-45
  • Geometry 5-15
  • IQ questions(general thinking abilities) 40-60

The duration of the YÖS exam is usually around 90-130 minutes.

The test may include questions in 

  • mathematics
  • physics
  • chemistry
  • biology
  • history
  • geography
  • Problem-solving 
  • language (Turkish or English).

Some universities may also require a separate language proficiency exam as part of the application process.

The importance of the preparatory year in Turkish universities 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities is  an important component of the Turkish university education system for many reasons:

  • Language Proficiency helps students to improve their language skills, especially in English.
  • It provides a bridge between secondary and tertiary education by offering foundational courses in subjects such as mathematics, science, and social sciences to prepare students for their chosen field of study.
  • For international students coming to study in Turkey, the preparatory year serves as an introduction to Turkish culture, customs, and academic practices.
  • Successfully completing the preparatory year is a prerequisite for entering undergraduate programs in many Turkish universities.

The importance of the preparatory year in Turkish universities

The preparatory year in Turkish universities in the Turkish language 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities focuses on intensive language instruction in Turkish for international students who wish to pursue their studies in Turkish-medium programs. 

This program is designed to help non-Turkish speakers improve their language proficiency and academic skills to meet the requirements for undergraduate or graduate studies at Turkish universities.

The primary goal of the program is to enhance students' Turkish language skills, including speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Through interactive lessons, language practice, and cultural activities, students develop fluency and confidence in using Turkish in academic and social contexts.

The preparatory year in Turkish universities in English 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities in English serves as a pathway for international students to transition into English-medium programs and pursue their academic aspirations in a diverse and stimulating educational environment. 

It offers a comprehensive language and academic foundation that prepares students for success in higher education in Turkey.

Although Turkish is the main language of instruction in most universities, some public and private universities use English as the primary language of instruction so The preparatory year in Turkish universities in English is very important for students who are not fluent in English to increase their proficiency in the target language.

List of universities in Türkiye that offer programs taught in English 

Here is a list of universities in Turkey that offer programs taught in English:

  1. Bogazici University
  2. Bahcesehir University
  3. Bilkent University
  4. Sabanci University
  5. Istanbul Technical University
  6. Koc University
  7. Izmir university of economics 
  8. Hacettepe University
  9. Yeditepe university 
  10. Marmara University

What career improvement do you expect in the preparatory year? 

A preparatory year in Turkish universities can offer several benefits for career improvement, including:

  1. Improving your English language proficiency through a preparatory year can enhance your communication skills, which are essential in many careers, especially in international settings.
  2. The preparatory year can help you develop critical thinking, research, and writing skills that are valuable in various professions.
  3. Broadening your cultural awareness and understanding, which is beneficial in today's globalized world.
  4. Building relationships with professors, classmates, and professionals in your field, which can lead to valuable networking opportunities for future career advancement.
  5. Providing a strong academic foundation for your chosen field of study, setting you up for success in your future career.

How much does the Preparatory year cost in Türkiye? 

The cost of a preparatory year in Turkish universities can vary depending on the university and the program you choose. 

Generally, the tuition fees for a preparatory year at a Turkish university can range as the following:

The tuition fee for the Preparatory Program in English 

7.000 $ per academic year.

The tuition fee for the  Preparatory Program in Turkish 

3.000 $ per academic year.

Documents required to register for the Preparatory year in Türkiye 

To register for a preparatory year in Turkish universities, international students typically need to provide a set of documents as part of the application process including:

  1. A valid passport
  2. High School Diploma or Equivalent
  3. Academic Transcripts
  4. Language Proficiency Certificate If the program is taught in Turkish such as a Turkish Proficiency Exam score. 
  5. Application Form
  6. Letter of motivation 
  7. Passport-Sized Photos
  8. Health Insurance 
  9. Financial Documentation
  10. Visa Documents

Documents required to register for the Preparatory year in Türkiye

What are the benefits of the preparatory year in Türkiye for foreign students? 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities offers several benefits for foreign students who wish to study at Turkish universities such as:

  1. Language Proficiency particularly for students who plan to pursue their studies in Turkish-medium programs.
  2. Academic Readiness
  3. Turkish Cultural Immersion
  4. Networking Opportunities with peers from different countries, backgrounds, and academic disciplines. 
  5. Access to Higher Education
  6. Personal Growth by stepping out of their comfort zones, developing independence, and building resilience. 

Conclusion 

The preparatory year in Turkish universities provides international students with a supportive environment to enhance their language proficiency and academic skills, preparing them for success in their future studies and professional endeavors.

Frequently asked questions 

What is the prep class in Turkey?

  • Its preparatory classes are given to foreign students whose knowledge of the Turkish language and culture is not sufficient for undergraduate education and who want to enroll in Turkish medium programs.

What month does university start in Turkey?

  • The 2 semesters of the academic year run from September to June but the universities officially open in October.

What is the minimum age to enter university in Turkey?

  • The minimum age to enter university in Turkey is 18 years.

 

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