What is civil engineering:
Civil engineering is the specialty of people with scientific minds that innovate in building modern cities and infrastructure that spans on a large scale. In urban engineering combining theoretical and practical knowledge of engineering, civil engineers excel in design, development, planning, management and analysis of large and small projects. From innovative halls to giant power supplies, skyscrapers and bridges. They all started with one question: Why do we study civil engineering?
Therefore, the job opportunities for civil engineering graduates are good, and this includes all the pillars of the specialization such as planning, design, construction, energy, or any of the other professions that depend on the skill and scientific knowledge of the civil engineer.
A brief history of civil engineering:
In past centuries, there was no civil engineer, but military engineering, due to the environment that prevailed at the time. And historical monuments indicated that military engineering was more common in Roman and Greek civilizations.
Civil engineering has developed with the development of industry in the middle of the last century and then the gigantic and wide technological development in computer science, the Internet, especially in the early nineties of the last century. The fields of civil engineering, their working mechanisms, and the careers for civil engineering graduates have expanded around the world.
Entry requirements for the Civil Engineering major:
Like many engineering disciplines in general, universities in civil engineering require knowledge of mathematics and physics. And possession of skills in data analysis, technology and communication, and your personality qualifies for this specialization, especially discipline, time management and problem solving. Often universities resort to personal interviews with students to determine the best fit for them to join the civil engineering major.
Advantages of studying civil engineering:
The question may seem logical: Why would you major in civil engineering? The answer is that studying civil engineering in undergraduate years requires the student to be distinguished in writing reports and articles, attending lectures and seminars, and completing computer and simulation work. The student must also have a superior ability for teamwork, especially in various projects and presentations. That is why the civil engineer needs to work on the team.
A civil engineer is a person who is good at planning. The projects presented to him after graduation are varied and not repeated in most of them, and the more the student is proficient in mathematics, the more appropriate and easier the study of civil engineering becomes for him.
Safety and security are among the tasks of urban planning. The first task of a civil engineer is to preserve the safety of people and reduce the risks of injury and harm. That is why studying civil engineering is considered feasible and enjoys the importance, leadership, and popularity of the student population.
Bachelor's degree in civil engineering:
The Civil Engineering major is the branch of engineering that covers design, construction, business maintenance, infrastructure development, waste recycling, pollution remediation, and sustainable development. Civil engineering can be divided into a number of sub-disciplines, including:
Civil Engineering Materials:
The period of study for the civil engineering major ranges from (4-5) years and varies from one country to another.
The first year (preparatory): The student learns the basics and principles of engineering (general civil), engineering drawing, mechanics, science, mathematics and statistics.
The second year: begins teaching specialized subjects in civil engineering, such as hydraulic components, building materials, geotechnics, surveying and hydro engineering.
The third and fourth year: Applied practical teaching begins.
Fifth year: the student’s project for graduation (graduation project). The professors work with the students and the student gains practical and knowledge experience.
A student can obtain higher academic degrees such as master's and doctoral studies in civil engineering.
Tasks of civil engineer after graduation:
Contracting and supervising construction operations from laying the groundwork until final handover.
Design of buildings, bridges, highways and transportation networks
Design of sewage and water systems and institutions
Design of power stations and tunnels
Reconstruction of historical buildings and monuments
Managing large projects from the feasibility study to completion.
Academic education and practical training.
Supervisory and administrative tasks in private and governmental institutions and organizations.
Civil engineering jobs after graduation:
Graduates can work in the private or public sectors. There are many jobs available in the field of civil engineering, including:
Nuclear and energy engineer
Engineer in the fields of transport and urban planning
Academic work, especially in civil engineering laboratories or in university courses (for those with master's and doctoral degrees).
Fields of Civil Engineering:
The student graduates as a civil engineer who will be responsible for the implementation of the project according to the engineering drawings approved in the contracts. He also has job opportunities in public or private facilities with many characteristics, including:
Civil engineering majors in postgraduate studies:
Civil engineering departments
Design and implementation of residential and industrial concrete structures.
Road design and construction, traffic and transportation engineering.
Study geo/graphical and engineering locations.
Study the properties of liquids and their effect on installations.
Study the structural properties of foundations and soil.
Study the methods that control the different types of irrigation.
Management and Construction Engineering
Interested in studying the facilities at the lowest cost and in the fastest time
Port and marine structures engineering
Implementation and design of ports and marine facilities.